WW2: Little Known Facts:
Nanking, China. Over 200,000 Chinese men used for bayonet practice, machine gunned, or set on fire. Thousands more were murdered. 20,000 women and girls were raped, killed or mutilated. The massacre of a quarter million people was an intentional policy to force China to make peace. It did not happen. World opinion, which until this time had accepted modern Japan's desire to oversee backward China, was repelled in horror.
New officers were indoctrinated to the expectations of war by beheading Chinese captives. The last stage of the training of combat troops was to bayonet a living human and a trial of courage for the officers. Prisoners were blindfolded and tied to poles; soldiers dashed forward to bayonet their target at the shout of "Charge!"
Combat medical units moved to China where live bodies were plentiful. If the class was in sutures, a Chinaman was shot in the belly for doctors to practice. Amputations? - then arms were removed. Living people was more instructive than work on cadavers, the students need to get used to blood, restraints, and screaming.
Bacterial warfare experiments conducted by an infamous medical unit moved to Manchuria. Bombs of anthrax and plague were tested on Chinese cities until the results were so good that too many Japanese soldiers also died. This unit also practiced vivisection. See more details of Unit 731, along with web citations for those with the stomach.
Korean Comfort Women "forced by the Imperial Japanese Army to repeatedly provide sex for Japanese soldiers throughout Asia are said to number between 80,000 and 200,000. Many of the victims were underage at the time, and either died in despair or suffered health impairments. These women, who suffer from mental and physical pain, not to mention social isolation and prejudice, are now seeking an official apology from the Japanese government and individual compensation as a measure to rehabilitate their honor." - Aug 2002
Malaya. Japanese troops decapitated 200 wounded Australians and Indians left behind when Australian troops withdrew through the jungle from Muar.
Singapore. Japanese soldiers bayonet 300 patients and staff of Alexandra military hospital 9 Feb 1942. British women had their hands behind their backs and repeatedly raped. All Chinese residents were interviewed and 5,000 selected for execution.
Wake Island. A construction crew of 1,200 mostly Idaho youths, captured when Wake Island fell, were shipped to Japanese prison camps. Five were beheaded to encourage good behavior on the trip. The Japanese decided to keep 100 of the civilian contractors on the island to complete the airbase, which became functional in 1943 . When U.S. Navy planes attacked the island, the Japanese commander executed the civilians.
Dutch East Indies. Those Dutch accused of resisting Japan or participating in the destruction of the oil refineries had arms or legs chopped off. 20,000 men were forced into the ocean and machine gunned. 20,000 women and children were repeatedly raped, then many were killed.
Ambon Island. After the surrender, IJN personnel chose more than 300 Australian and Dutch prisoners of war at random and summarily executed them, at or near Laha airfield
Dutch Borneo. The entire white population of Balikpapan was executed.
Java. The entire white male population of Tjepu was executed.
Women were raped.
Survivors of USS Edsall (DD-219) are beheaded.
Philippines. Any soldier captured before the surrender was executed.
The Bataan Death March -- 7,000 surrendered men died. Those that could not keep up the pace were clubbed, stabbed, shot, beheaded or buried alive.
Once the prison camp had been reached, disease, malnutrition and brutality claimed up to 400 American and Filipinos -- each day.
Thailand. 15,000 military prisoners and 75,000 native laborers died building a railroad between Bangkok and Rangoon : Bridge Over the River Kwai.
Doolittle Raid, Japan. Three of eight U.S. airmen captured were
Doolittle Raid, China. Twenty-five thousand Chinese in villages through which the U.S .flyers escaped were slaughtered in a three month reign of terror.
Midway.. Japanese destroyers rescued three U.S. naval aviators; after interrogation, all three were murdered. One has stuck in the head with an axe and his hand chopped as he clung to the ship's railing. Two had weighted cans tied to their legs and were thrown overboard.
Attu. Japanese troops overran the medical aid station; after killing the doctors, they bayoneted the wounded.
Makin Atoll. Nine of Carlson's Marine raiders were left behind, hid for two weeks and surrendered. They were beheaded a few weeks later when a ship was not available to take them to a prisoner of war camp.
Milne Bay. In their few days at Milne Bay the Japanese had displayed remarkable brutality. Fifty-nine local people were murdered by the Japanese, often being bayoneted while held prisoner, and in many cases being tortured or mutilated. Not one of the 36 Australians captured by the Japanese survived. All were killed, and some were badly mutilated.
Shortlands. Ballale airfield was constructed lacking bulldozers. Some 517 British prisoners of war were used, primarily artillery gunners surrendered at Singapore. The Japanese refused to permit the POWs to build any kind of air raid shelters, and most of the gunners were eventually killed either in air raids or from Japanese abuse. The survivors were allegedly massacred on 5 March 1943.
USS Sculpin. Forty-two of submarine Sculpin's crew were picked up by Yamagumo. 19Nov'43 One, severely wounded, was thrown overboard. Survivors were forced to work in the copper mines at Ashio until released at the end of the war.
Indian Ocean. Capt Ariizumi, ComSubRon One, commanded submarine I-8
in the Indian Ocean. On March 26th, 1944, he collected from the water
and massacred 98 unarmed survivors of the Dutch merchantman Tjisalak he'd sunk
south of Colombo. He repeated this performance with 96 prisoners
from the American Jean Nicolet in the Maldives on July 2nd. He
destroyed the lifeboats and dived, leaving 35 bound survivors on deck. 23 managed to untie
their bonds and swim all night to be rescued by the Royal Indian Navy.
Capt Ariizumi committed hara-kiri while his squadron was being escorted to Yokosuka
by the U.S. Navy.
I-26 is also known to have rammed merchant lifeboats from SS Richard Hovey and machine-gunned those in the water.
9Mar44. Commerce raider Tone sank the British freighter SS Behar, taking aboard 108 survivors. Two days after arrival in the Netherlands East Indies, RAdm Sakonjo ordered the prisoners be “disposed of”, and they were taken out to sea and beheaded.
3Aug45. Japanese hospital ship Tachibana was searched by Charrette (DD-581) when observed throwing weighted bags overboard. Found thirty (30) tons of ammunition, mortars, and machine guns in Red Cross boxes along with 1,500 soldiers released from hospital on Kai bound for Soerabaja.
Japan. Eight U.S. airmen were used for medical dissection at Kyushu Imperial University with organs removed while the prisoners were still alive.
Bushi, the way of the soldier, was the creed of the Japanese in the Pacific War. It was not that long ago. The story of atrocities created under a pagan code is suppressed today in the interests of good will with a business partner. Less we forget. Civilization in only a veneer over other instincts of mankind.
History tells mass murder comes in many names, of Attila, Genghis Khan, and Tamerlane. Hundreds of Indians and settlers were slaughtered like buffalo. Within the living lifetime : Stalin purged twenty-some millions of his own people. Mao may have topped him during 1949-76. Nazi gave final solution to five or six millions. Kurds have lost millions. The Chamer Rouge killed 1.6 million. Less we forget. Hope for peace, but be prepared to resist savagery.
Use of Allied prisoners of war for slave labor by Japanese companies is discussed in : "Unjust Enrichment" by Linda Goetz Holmes, 2001. Her 1994 book, "4000 Bowls of Rice: A Prisoner of War Comes Home", is about Allied prisoners of the Japanese who built the Burma Railway.
On August 1, 1944, twelve months before hostilities ended, the following orders that were addressed to the Commanding General and Commanding General of Military Police:
Extreme measures for POWs:
"At such time as the situation becomes urgent ... the POWs will be confined under heavy guard and preparation for final disposition will be made.
a) Whether they are destroyed individually or in groups or however it is done, with mass bombing, poisonous smoke, poisons, drowning, decapitation, or what, dispose of them as the situation dictates. . . . In any case it is the aim not to allow the escape of a single one, to annihilate them all, and not leave any traces." .
A copy of this message was found during the invasion of the Philippines and another in Taiwan was not destroyed.