Hard combat continues on Iwo Jima. Manila has been declared free, but fighting continues.
In Europe, prepare for Spring attack on Germany.
Mar 23. Carrier TF 58 and 1,500 ships, begins daily strikes against Japanese shipping and installations in the Okinawa area.
Mar 1 . Ulithi is home for 5 battleships, 29 carriers, 23 cruisers, 106 destroyers, and a train of oilers and supply ships. Ulithi Foreward Base
Mar 2 . The American flag is raised again over Corregidor.
Mar 3 . The Allies fully secured the Philippine capital of Manila
Mar 4 . B-29, out of fuel, lands on Iwo Jima ; 1st of over 2,400 such emergency landings.
Mar 5 . Bashaw (SS-241) sinks 2 tankers off Indochina. Subs, B-24's, B-25's sink 6 subchasers.
Mar 6 . 28 P-51 Mustangs and 12 P-61 Black Widows's land on Iwo Jima.
Mar 7 . Remagen Bridge over Rhine captured intact.
Mar 8 . AAF B-24, B-25 bombers sink 8 ships is various areas.
1,200 heavies bomb 6 benzol plants in Germany.
Mar 9-10. 279 B-29's, of Twentith Air Force from Guam, Tinian, and Saipan, blast Tokyo urban area with incendiaries, destroying 15.8 sq mi about one-fourth in the city, more than 267,000 buildings and killing more than 83,000 people. This death total is the highest of any single day's action during the war, exceeding the deaths caused by each Atomic Bomb. 20 other B-29's bomb alternate targets. 14 B-29's are lost.
24 B-29's bomb marshaling yards and air field at Kuala Lumpur, Malaya.
Mar 11. 285 B-29's bomb Nagoya urban area with incendiaries destroying 2 sq mi of the aircraft industry city.
U.S. forces land on Mindanao, P.I.
Fighters start to escort bombing operations from Iwo Jima.
Mar 12. 1,309 heavies and 523 P-51 strike in Germany.
790 B-24's and B-17's bomb Austrian oil refineries.
Mar 13. 274 B-29's bombs Osaka with incendiaries destroying 8.1Sq mi of the ordinance city.
Mar 14. B-29's run out of bombs.
Carrier TF 58 heads for Okinawa with 88 warships.
Mar 15. TF 92 from Alaska bombards Japanese installations on Matsuwa, Kurils.
Mar 15. 612 B-17's destroy German uranium plant at Oranienburg, north of Berlin, to keep out of Soviet hands.
Mar 16. Iwo Jima is declared secured. 23,000 Marine and 2,800 Navy casualties.
307 B-29's firebomb the port of Kobe destroying 2.9 sq mi including submarine shipyards.
Mar 17. 1,260 heavy bombers hit 2 synthetic oil plants . 650 medium bombers attack rails . Fighters support Remagen bridgehead.
Mar 18. TF 58 bomb airfields on southern Kyushu. Japanese planes bomb carriers Enterprise (CV-6) and Yorktown (CV-10) damaging both. Intrepid (CV-11) is crashed by kamikaze and hit by friendly fire.
290 B-29's repeat incendiary raids on Nagoya destroying 3.8 sq mi and aircraft engine factory.
Mar 19 . TF 58 pounds airfields on Kyushu, shipping at Kure and Kobe, Honshu, damage IJN ships at dock at Kure and Osaka.
This mission ends the March fire raids on Japanese cities ; three week lull, out of bombs.
P-51's from Iwo Jima dive-bomb radar and radio installations and barges at Chichi Jima.
Future President Bush was shot down bombing that radio station the previous September.
US forces land on Panay, P.I.
Japanese planes bomb Wasp (CV-18) off Shikoku, while friendly fire hits Essex (CV-9) ; Kamikaze damages Franklin (CV-13) off Kyushu, 800 killed. video
Mar 20. Enterprise (CV-6) is damaged by friendly fire off Japan.
16 P-51's from Iwo Jima and 12 Guam-based B-24's bomb and strafe Chichi Jima.
Minesweepers head for Okinawa.
Tenth AF P-47's sweep roads Central Burma.
Mar 21. Mandalay, Burma regained.
Fourteenth AF P-38's sweep roads in Indo China .
1st attack by Baka piloted bombs in unsuccessful attack on TF 58.
Mar 22. Patton & Montgomery cross Rhine.
P-63 King Cobra from Walla Walla, WA, intercepts Japanese balloon bomb1 near Redmond, and, after chase that includes 2 refueling stops, shoots it down near Reno.
Fire support ships head for Okinawa.
Arab League declares war on Axis.
76 B-29's, operating in 2 waves, blast storage dumps at Rangoon.
Mar 24. TF 59 bombards Okinawa.
Entire Japanese eight ship convoy to reinforce Okinawa sunk by carrier air.
Mar 25. Marines complete reduction of final resistance pocket on Iwo Jima.
34 B-24's, 30-plus B-25's and over 100 FBs pound rails in Yellow River areas.
TF 54 bombard Kerama Retto and SE coast of Okinawa, Ryukyus; bombardment continues daily. Kamikazes damage ships off Okinawa.
Mar 26. Enemy makes final banzai on Iwo Jima in early morning. Capture phase of Iwo Jima ends at 0800.
LSTs head for Okinawa.
22,082 US casualties, 21,300 enemy killed and 212 taken prisoner.
Mar 27. 94 B-29's mine the Shimonoseki Straits and the waters of Suo Nada, Japan. This operation and 6 that follow, support the coming Okinawa campaign.
Army force lands on Kerama Retto, 30-miles from Okinawa, to be used as replenishment anchorage.
Kamikazes and bombers damage 9 ships from battleships to minesweepers.
Army lands on Cebu, P.I.
British Pacific Fleet (TF-57) arrives to help protect left flank, Sakishima Group of islands.
Last V2 rocket launched, hits London. Started 8Sep44.
Mar 28. Japanese convoys and shipping sunk from Indochina to Formosa.
Mar 29. Carrier TF 58 attack airfields and shipping in the Kagoshima Bay area on southern tip of Japan.
Attacks throughout South China Sea damage Japanese hospital ship off Da Nang.
Mar 30. Eighty-seven B-29's mine the Shimonoseki Straits and the waters off Kure, Hiroshima, and Sasebo, Japan.
Thirty-one Iwo Jima-based P-51's bomb and strafe Haha Jima in Bonin Islands.
Mar 31. 15 P-51's from Iwo Jima bomb and strafe vessels and installations on Chichi Jima.2
Indianapolis (CA-35) is damaged by kamikaze off Okinawa - retires to Kerama Retto for temp repairs then steams stateside. [Repaired, will return carrying first atomic bomb.]
Keise Shima, 6 miles from Okinawa, taken as artillery position.
Soviet troops take Vienna.
Over 1,250 USAAF heavy bombers hit U-boat yards and ports at Wilhelmshaven, Bremen, and Hamburg.
Landing force arrives off Okinawa. Artillery on Keise Shima begin firing on Okinawa.
AAF Theater Key :
SW Pac ;
1 . The Japanese launched 9,300 balloons with 5 bombs each to be carried by wind to North America. 300 were observed over USA. Six people killed. Events kept secret. Hearing
no results, Japan stopped.
2 . President Bush was shot down attacking radio stations on this mountainous island from a carrier several months earlier.
Chichi Jima was an American coaling station from 1853 till captured by Japan in 1862 during the U.S. Civil War and was unable to respond.